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Jan 20,2022 by Edulab
Distillation is the process used to separate different components in a mixture. It is commonly used in chemistry labs, food science, and a range of other industries. Distillation is also a popular lesson taught in school laboratories and is part of some major curriculums. It is a popular Bunsen burner experiment which many teachers choose to demonstrate to their students. With distillation, temperature is used to separate materials in a mixture, by separating them depending on their different boiling points. This process is used to purify alcohol, refine crude oil, and make liquified gases from air.
There are various types of distillation, including simple, steam, and fractional distillation. No matter the type of distillation you are attempting in your lab, it is essential you have the right equipment and know how to set up the experiment properly. At first glance, setting up this kind of experiment can look like a bit of puzzle, with so many bits of glassware and other apparatus to put together. Today, we are explaining what you need and how to set up distillation apparatus.
Before you get started with a distillation experiment, you need to make sure you have all the right equipment to hand. Most of the items needed for distillation are commonly found in a laboratory. You can also purchase complete sets of distillation apparatus so you know you have everything you need. The equipment required for distillation is:
Here is how to assemble your distillation apparatus for the experiment:
The exact configuration of the distillation apparatus will vary between labs and the type of experiment you are conducting. These instructions provide a general overview of how this equipment is set up for a simple distillation experiment.
Distillation apparatus can be tricky equipment to master, but once you know the ins and outs of the process it is fairly straightforward. To help you get started, we are sharing some of our top tips for using distillation apparatus.